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In Flight
Forced Smiles
Happy Oblivion
Ducking Destiny
Chance of Showers
Chance Encounters
The Thinking Dog
The Race
Flight of the Ostrich
Monster Under My Bed
The Rose Garden
Window Shopping
Dramatic Romances
Musings on Nature
A Day at School
The Holy Light
A Rainy Night


The Roller Coaster
The Purse
Sammy's Lesson
The Legend of the Hungry Dragon
Spirits in the Night


My Philosophy of Life
Five Scholarship Questions
Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois
Prophets for God
My Service Project (1999-2000)
My Service Project (1997-1998)
The Beauty of the Forest
Reaching Beyond

The Pastry Menace
A College Just for You!
The Rights of Plants

Literary Analyses
Saving Harry:  Clearing the Controversy Over Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
Essays on Wuthering Heights
The Creature in Frankenstein and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Edna's Decision in The Awakening
Character Comparison in Kate Chopin's The Awakening
Why The Chosen?

Research Papers
Race, Norms, and the Sidewalk
Analytical Exercise
The Validity of Comparing Governments
The British System: Legal-Rational Or Traditional?
The Importance of Framing
Madison on Factions
Spirituality and the Brain
Sea Water and Conductivity

Clinic Violence: A "Moral" Way to Bring About Change?
Graduation Speech
The Call to Relationship
Mark Twain Speaks Again (original version)
Mark Twain Speaks Again (shortened version)

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
The Year 2000
Hunting for Sport?

Mercury Spill Exercise
Chocolate Feature Exercise
Character Sketch
Reaction Story
Aspiring Actress Profile
"Shark Attack" Exercise
Villa Maria Academy Hosts Diversity Panel

Coastal Vacation


"Shark Attack" Newswriting Exercise

An 8-year-old boy was struggling to stay alive on Thursday, nearly a week after a shark bit off his arm, doctors said.

Jessie Arbogast of Ocean Springs, Miss., was in critical but stable condition at Sacred Heart Children's Hospital, but he may have lost too much blood after the attack. He has experienced kidney failure and may have brain damage, doctors said.

"He has done a little bit of spontaneous eye opening and blinking but is not coherent," said Dr. Rex Northrup, a pediatric trauma physician at Sacred Heart Children's Hospital.

Arbogast has had six operations since the attack, Northrup said. Doctors said they hoped Arbogast would be able to use his reattached arm in 18 months.

"We're just praying now," Fiona Arbogast, Jessie Arbogast's mother, said.

Jessie Arbogast was vacationing with his parents and uncle in Pensacola, Fla. He was swimming in knee-deep surf when a 7-foot bull shark attacked him. His uncle, Trevor Wallace, wrestled the shark to shore, and a ranger shot the animal four times with a pistol, killing it.

The ranger opened the shark's mouth with a police baton and removed Arbogast's severed arm from the shark's gullet with a clamp. Arbogast was airlifted to the Baptists Hospital emergency room within 30 minutes of the attack.

At the hospital, Dr. Jack Tyson, with the assistance of plastic surgeon Ian Rogers, reattached Arbogast's arm. He was transferred to Sacred Heart Children's Hospital on Sunday.

Arbogast was swimming at the Gulf Islands National Seashore in the Florida Panhandle when he was attacked. Florida was the site of 34 of the of the country's 51 total shark attacks in 2000, the International Shark Attack File in Gainesville, Fla., said.

Shark attacks are on the rise internationally. Worldwide, the organization recorded 79 shark attacks in 2001, the highest number since they began keeping records in 1958.

Copyright © 2002 Colleen Fischer | Last updated October 7, 2002